TermiKnowledge - Supply Chain, Procurement and Inventory Termologies

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Warehouse - Supply Chain, Procurement and Inventory Termologies

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An industrial facility for storage, value-addition, and distribution of inventory in various forms such as raw materials, components, work-in-process, finished goods, MRO, and spare parts.


Store, Distribution Centre, Fulfilment Centre, Mother Hub and Delivery Centre. 


Public, Private and Contract Warehouses.


Bonded and Unbonded Warehouses.


Functional Design of Warehouses and Structural Design of Warehouses.


Docking, Unloading, Inspection, Document Verification, Inbound Staging, Put-Away, Storage, Order Management, Picking, Document Preparation, Outbound Staging and Loading.


Cross-Docking, Packaging, Packing, Labelling, Assemble-To-Order, Configure-To-Order, Expediting/De-expediting etc.

In today's economic scenario every business organization needs a proper warehouse for storing its raw material as well as finished merchandise. To sustain in the long run, the organization needs a warehouse that can manage its inventory and deliver the goods when required. Warehouse management therefore plays an important role in any business organization. In short supply chain, warehouse management functions as the link between the customer and supplier. The warehouse is used to consolidate or collect goods, reduce the shipping cost and attain economy over the supply of goods. Warehouse management includes physical as well as electronic aspects of the warehousing.

Physical warehouse management mainly involves supervision of the loading and unloading of finished goods from the truck and storage area. Warehouse equipment is used for the storage and movement of goods and other items. Electronic systems are used for overall management including production, receiving, pick and pack, shipping and payment. Proper warehouse management deals with all the aspects of the supply chain. Warehouse personnel also plays an important role by maintaining inventories, collecting and monitoring data on the condition of goods and inspecting the quality and quantity of raw materials received from suppliers.

It is important to maintain an adequate warehouse so that it can meet the demands of production and business. If the warehouse is not managed efficiently then it can create havoc in the whole process of production. If warehouses do not properly handle the demands of production then they may face problems like increased operation costs, unavailability of raw materials, poor quality of finished goods, and so on. Therefore to avoid such problems, organizations need to employ efficient and qualified Warehouse support providers who offer comprehensive and timely warehouse services.

Space Utilization

Product Storage, Aisles, Battery Charging Area, Material Handling Equipment (MHE) Parking Area, Pallet Storage Area, Pallet Washing Area, Quarantine Area, Office, Packaging Area, Staging Area, Rest Rooms, Security Office, Drivers Room, Visitors Room, Genset Area, Maintenance Area, Water Hydrant System, Water Sprinkler System, First Aid Room, Flag Post, Lightning Arrestor Pit, Docking Area etc.


Commodity Warehouses, Chemical Warehouses, Electronic Goods Warehouse, FMCG Warehouses, Fertilizer Warehouses, Grains Warehouses etc.

Location Type

Fixed Location Warehouse and Dynamic Location Warehouse.

Source of Accidents

Fire, Electric Short-Circuit, Material Handling Equipment, Product Drops, Structural Failure, Flooding, Earthquake and Leakage of Combustible Materials.

Source of Loss of Revenue

Accidents, Frauds and Embezzlements and Poor Management.

Fire Safety

Water Hydrants, Water Sprinklers and Fire Extinguishers.

Key Performance Indicators (KPIs)

Cube Utilization, Inventory Turnover Ratio, Throughput, Near Misses, Accidents, Warehouse Cost per Product etc.

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